Saturday, November 22, 2014

UPA - an NREGA at every level?

I was reading this article from a few weeks ago, where Surjit Bhalla talks about the corruption in the NREGA Scheme.

Surjit writes:

Calculations identical to those undertaken in PDS evaluations show that, far from having low leakage, the NREGA programme is possibly even more corrupt than the PDS system. These calculations are based on the NSS 2009-10 labour and employment survey, a survey that contained special and additional questions meant for monitoring and evaluating the NREGA programme. [Link]

And then goes onto to quote figures that show that the NREGA was a highly corruption prone scheme.

There is no prizes for guessing who made the money as part of the scheme. By and large, it had to be the middlemen - and the middlemen are not who you think - bureaucrats and low level officers, though perhaps they are there as well. There are other types of middlemen here, like NGOs. See this report here. Here is another one where Lok Sewaks/Lok Karmi appointed are from NGOs. 

So, while some money reached the beneficiaries, along the way NREGA helped those who helped the Congress ecosystem alive - obviously middlemen were connected to the powers that be and the ideologies that be. And as they made money, they also kept their ecosystems warm by not allowing others into it, presumably. And in general, the BJP ruled states implemented it much more seriously than the Congress ruled states.

Net, net, the NREGA was a leaky bucket. Money was poured into it. Various middlemen made money out of it - they were kept happy and they in turn kept the regime happy - and the ultimate beneficiaries made nothing. And they voted with their feet.

Now, take a look at the scams - Coal Scam, 2G scam or any other scam. It was another NREGA style scam at another level. Someone at the top identifies a bucket. Holes are drilled into the bucket in terms of either rules favouring certain parties (2G) or in terms of giving off benefits to 'people close to the powers that be' - and they in turn kept the regime happy - and the ultimate benefeciaries (the exchequer) was left bleeding.

The media who should have reported this was bought into it by similar means.

About 60 journalists stayed in government provided subsided housing (the curious case of the dog that did not bark?).

Some journalists (almost all pro-Congress) received state awards.

Manmohan Singh took 34 journalists with him on his foreign visit.

And who is paying for all this? People like you and me, the taxpayers.

And apart from this is a long list of friends and relatives who had plum postings in various official capacities. The latest is CBI chief who has been asked to recuse himself because instead of investigating, he was helping the accused in the probe.

Bank appointments were given to cronies - which is now being cleaned up.

Governor positions were given to tainted politicians so as to get gubernatorial immunity - here is one example.

I suppose I can go on and on. Nothing was spared by the UPA. Essentially it was running a giant NREGA while a lot of people made money out of the government.

QED: UPA was one giant NREGA at every level...
alculations identical to those undertaken in PDS evaluations show that, far from having low leakage, the NREGA programme is possibly even more corrupt than the PDS system. These calculations are based on the NSS 2009-10 labour and employment survey, a survey that contained special and additional questions meant for monitoring and evaluating the NREGA programme. - See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/no-proof-required-pds-or-nrega-corruption-must-go-on/99/#sthash.7BSL3QfF.dpu
alculations identical to those undertaken in PDS evaluations show that, far from having low leakage, the NREGA programme is possibly even more corrupt than the PDS system. These calculations are based on the NSS 2009-10 labour and employment survey, a survey that contained special and additional questions meant for monitoring and evaluating the NREGA programme. - See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/no-proof-required-pds-or-nrega-corruption-must-go-on/99/#sthash.7BSL3QfF.dpuf
alculations identical to those undertaken in PDS evaluations show that, far from having low leakage, the NREGA programme is possibly even more corrupt than the PDS system. These calculations are based on the NSS 2009-10 labour and employment survey, a survey that contained special and additional questions meant for monitoring and evaluating the NREGA programme. - See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/no-proof-required-pds-or-nrega-corruption-must-go-on/99/#sthash.7BSL3QfF.dpuf
alculations identical to those undertaken in PDS evaluations show that, far from having low leakage, the NREGA programme is possibly even more corrupt than the PDS system. These calculations are based on the NSS 2009-10 labour and employment survey, a survey that contained special and additional questions meant for monitoring and evaluating the NREGA programme. - See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/no-proof-required-pds-or-nrega-corruption-must-go-on/99/#sthash.7BSL3QfF.dpuf
alculations identical to those undertaken in PDS evaluations show that, far from having low leakage, the NREGA programme is possibly even more corrupt than the PDS system. These calculations are based on the NSS 2009-10 labour and employment survey, a survey that contained special and additional questions meant for monitoring and evaluating the NREGA programme. - See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/no-proof-required-pds-or-nrega-corruption-must-go-on/99/#sthash.7BSL3QfF.dpuf

Sunday, October 26, 2014

A hyprocritical argument


I received this picture yesterday. It is an innocuous little thing - the sad irony of an elephant in India. Usually, one would just dismiss it as humour, but somehow, as I read it, it smacked of hypocrisy to me.

Yes, the elephant does have trouble in India and yes,we do indeed worship an elephant headed god (atleast the Hindus do). We also worship a monkey and we worship many other things. After all Hinduism is a polytheist religion apart from animals, we worship forests, trees, lakes, mountains and then some. We even worship the sun, fire, water...the list goes on and on.

Two things here. So, is the picture any reflection of the cause and effect? No it is not. Just because the elephant is not worshipped in Africa does that make the crime against elephants any less? Or just because nobody worships the rhino does that make it fair game? Or if people stop praying to the elephant god, will it make the elephant less vulnerable or less - your guess is as good as mine. This is a non-sequitur at best,

Why people do what they do - is a matter of policies, punishments, incentives, behaviour and so on and so forth.

The second and bigger issue here is that all animals - face a very bad situation under humans. Either we have tamed them (which may be a lesser evil) or we breed them for food, hunt them down to extinction or hunt them for various beliefs or skin or tusk or use them to test poisons and toxins in the name of research. Even if you are a vegeterian, there is a high likelihood that animals are harmed directly or indirectly because of human existence. So, if you can, become vegeterian - at least direct impact is lowered. If you cannot, try to save animals, their habitats etc. Whether you pray to a god or an animal has precious little to do with it.

Now replace the statement with women. Yes, as a religion we worship women. And yet whether it is a religion that worships or does not worship women - either of them do commit atrocities on them. Does that make any side less guilty? Or is the praying hypocritical? Or is there is no real connection at all? And whether you pray or you do not, the crime remains one to be punished for?

And while I am all for mocking all religious beliefs, as humans perhaps we need to live lightly, tread lightly on the earth while we are at it, given that our existence itself is hypocritical.

Saturday, October 18, 2014

Stuck on Hosur Road

Today, I had the great privilege of being stuck on Hosur Road - just at the base of the Electronic City Tollway. For many others, this may be a daily occurrence, but for me, today, this was a privilege. You see, the Bangalore traffic police had stopped traffic on both sides so that a Chief Minister who was recently jailed for disproportionate assets had to return to her home state of Tamil Nadu. Still wondering why I did not say Jayalalitha?

Well, so the police stopped the traffic leading to a long pile up along both sides of the road so that the common people who possess proportionate assets can wait to watch someone who possesses disproportionate assets I suppose. Hence, I was among the privileged crowd.

Why does traffic have to be stopped? At all? (If it is so important, why dont they take a helicopter or some other means).

That is a simple question and perhaps we have our own reasons for doing so - leave that aside.

And then her motorcade passed us by. And therein lies a bigger question. Why do we have security personnel hanging onto the outside of the cars on footboards as the cars whizz by at upwards of 80 kmph. I can understand personnel doing this at lower speeds or when a vehicle goes through crowds etc, but on a highway? I dont think POTUS motorcade has this idiotic spectacle of security guards clinging to the outside of the vehicle? I am sure armour is advanced enough to protect corrupt politicians - apart from body fat and thick skin? Why do other humans have to cling to the outside of that vehicle, or any vehicle?

(If there is some other great reason, please do enlighten, but to this observer, it seems ridiculous.) 

And yes, finally the motorcade passed and those with proportionate assets burned disproportionate amounts of petrol to reach their destinations.

Sunday, October 05, 2014

Who are these people?

In the olden days, just a few elite had access to canvas and paints and became painters. Ditto for those who had access to cameras (both money and technology). I am not saying these people were not passionate - of course they were, but for someone who wanted to explore it as their passion, it was tough - there were many mountains to climb. Today, everybody is an artist. And anybody with a digital camera is a photographer. Go to a bird sanctuary and you will see what I mean. Ditto for artists - there are many. And it is a good thing. People explore what they are good at, work at it and so on and so forth.

Yes, it pisses off the established painters and photographers - because today competition has multiplied. But as in all fields, the good become better with competition - the mediocre crib and wilt.

Today media is a closed industry. Much like the other industries in India in the licence permit raj - where a certain set of industrialists got access to licences and they set up monopolistic or duopolistic companies and thrived making money. This was the socialist set up we were born and brought up in. But slowly, industry opened up. But media remains a cabal - by and large. The acronym best used is BYOC - Bring Your Own Cronies - somewhat like the BYOD - Bring Your Own Device prevalent in technology.

So, you have husband and wife teams operating out of which one or both are famous sons or daughters. Sons and relatives (legal and illegal) of politicians, editors, anchors, newsreaders, lobbyists, industrialists, diplomats, quasi celebrities - even those who get invited for those echo chambers that pass off as opinions are just one short web of hardly any degree of separation. It is an echo chamber at best and a web of multiple conflicts of interest at worst. 

The arrival of social media just turned that around on its head. Anyone can write - all you need is a blog. Anyone can create news on twitter - why some of the best twitter guys have day jobs that are anything but media. Anyone can become a photojournalist - or even a citizen journalist.

As the incident in Madison Square of a famous journo tycoon showed - one sided biased reporting wont help. Within hours, there were images and videos that completely exposed the journo tycoon shouting victim. Social media threatens these existing journalists - who got there because they are part of the cabal and they  are shouting foul because these people - whose duty is sit and watch them talk and pontificate on TV are now newsmakers and hold strong opinion.

It does not help that there is a Prime Minister who also shuns media - who now have to travel on their own to cover the Prime Minister - whereas earlier, they got reserved seats, unlimited privileges and access. They are doubly pissed off with a government that talks directly to people and people who challenge the media.

So, you have hilarious scenes of a journalist taunting NRIs asking how come you have so much time to tweet.
And of journalists referring to company handles taunting their employees.

These are just a few examples, but there are quite a few others where these journalists who got there because they knew someone (Heights by great men reached and kept were not attained by exertion, but they while their companions slept, were busy contacting the right person - Ogden Nash) are pissed off because these ordinary people are questioning them. How dare they question us? Who are these people?

Well, media may still be fighting over whether to allow FDI in media  - but the People are in it already. Get used to it. Bonus link, an old post with a review of Cognitive Surplus.  

Friday, October 03, 2014

Coffee in Puducherry

Nobody told us about the coffee bars of Pondicherry. People told us about Auroville, the Ashram, about the continental food, about the handicrafts and the French architecture and what not. But it is hard to miss them. They are there are at every street corner.  Maybe that is why nobody told us about them. Maybe they are not coffee aficionados.

But the coffee aficionados that we are, we decided to try them - it was tempting to say the least - I mean, how can you not? These are not swanky, not your Starbucks, not your CCD - there is no sitting room even. The price of the coffee at the coffee bar would be a small tip at either of these places. But they serve some absolutely fabulous South Indian filter coffee. The whole place runs around a specialist who makes coffee. The others, right from the order taker to the vessel washer to the milk boiler to any other thing are just enablers to make the coffee guy serve great coffee. The cups are washed in front of your eyes with hot water. And then he takes a metre of milk (hot, piping hot) whisks up a lather that would make shaving cream proud. adds a dollop of decoction, sugar and then just as the froth threatens to overflow the cup, he adds another dash of decoction. Take that you coffee chains.

And they have a few snacks (limited choice) to go with it, if you so desire.

The place frequented as the KBS coffee bar - right at the edge of Vysial street. It was so good, we did not try any other. But every street corner, every coffee bar was doing brisk business - and given that the flavour is so local, they have to serve great coffee else they would not be there. So, the next time you are in Pondicherry, try them and you will get the best filter coffee that will beat your espresso machine by a metre of coffee.

Saturday, September 06, 2014

Is journalism passe?

You wont see this article in any newspaper.

Long long ago, the only way to consume news was through a newspaper. So the newspaper appointed many people to 'report' from the ground. These reporters were the lowest rung of newspaper staff. They walked around localities, went up to police stations, hospitals and reported from there. This news was aggregated and then sorted by importance by next level reporters and editors. And then based on the space, the news was then reported to you and me the next day.  Note that anything that is so access controlled is a hallmark of a closed industry.

Take any industry before the digital revolution or the industrial revolution. Photographers were rare. Those who had access to cameras became photographers - that is pretty much it. Now with digital pictures, everybody is a photographer. See how many 4 year olds take pictures in weddings these days. With instagram, suddenly everybody is a photographer. With a blog, anybody who can write well will write. Like the printing press made it easier to own books.

In those days, only those had access to a newspaper had the moniker of a journalist. Like only those had cameras were photographers. Its like saying only those who have watches can tell the time. Today if you are on the spot of an accident or a event, you are the reporter. And that is blogs and twitter help you do. And there is no similar format in newspapers. Today, therefore, anyone is a journalist in the truest sense - if you can sit through one issue, analyse and report out and usually you will do it better than a journo who is copy pasting at best.

The middlemen school of journalists still exists. That means, you and I cannot interview a politician - especially like Rahul Gandhi whose team will script answers for you to publish. For that you need middlemen, not journalists. But if a Narendra Modi reaches people directly through social media annd other channels, he does not need middlemen journos.

Real journos report from the field where stuff is happening. They report from the boondocks where nobody goes. They report from far flung areas - not from the comfort of airconditioned rooms. They read through judgements and analyse. They work on issues and amaze us with their indepth knowledge - usually not got through plain googling. Such journalism is clearly not passe.

But nobody needs middlemen as journos - because everybody is a reporter remember and so are you!

Modi media strategy

Once upon a time there was a Manmohan Singh,
who did anything but sing
He spoke to journalists,
who wrote it all in a list...

Stupid limerick I know, but Manmohan rarely spoke to people in 1:1 interactions. I recall a friend of mine, who shall go unnamed - who happened to meet the man himself and he asked him, as any concerned urbanite would - about the scams in the country. And my friend says, the response was a "what to do". Needless to say, my friend was very inspired by Manmohans style of leadership and went on to practice it in his job by responding to everything with a "hun ki karan" (What do I do in Punjabi). That last line is obviously sarcastic. 

During the Manmohan era, a Delhi coterie had access to him or his boss or her son or her personal assistant. These people fed news to some privileged people who trotted around as journalists and then they fed the news to the people through their media channels. At a lower level, a similar set of lower level underlings did the same and so on and so forth. Does this sound like the licence raj perpetuated by the Nehru clan? Yes, it absolutely does.

Now, this journalists pool was fed and kept in good humour by these politicians by advertisements, contracts (remember Commonwealth Game Contracts), interviews, government junkets - and there will be surely be other perks on both sides which we may never come to know. This group was not happy with Narendra Modi and were very hostile to him (and that is an understatement).

Modi quickly discovered social media and reached out directly to people - no middlemen, no hangers on, no access based journalism. He had his own website, blog, facebook feeds and finally twitter. His speeches were tweeted in real time and of course, he ran a campaign in which the traditional media came in only at the fag end by which time they were just like the trailing bogies of a train.

Now, as Prime Minister he does something similar. He has completely eliminated the journalists who were just middlemen. Like the dismantling of the licence raj eliminated the companies who traded licences, these set of journalists traded news. He has put them completely out of business.

One of the first things was launch a Mygov.in portal. Once you sign up for it, you get a weekly newsletter. His speeches are now tweeted almost live. He takes no journalists on government junkets. No media briefings. No leaks.

He also does things that the previous leaders never did - he met a crore students in a live interaction on teachers day - that is his strength. He spoke directly to people in a beautiful speech on independence day. A leader who cannot talk has to hide. A leader can talk, does not need to hide - he reaches the people directly. Maybe they had much to hide. Maybe they were elitist. They needed access control.

While he uses social media, what the media does not realize that the role of a media as a middleman has been completely eliminated. They need to do real work on the ground to report - or like some do - wait for what he says on twitter or blog and react accordingly.

Many a ream has been written on the cribs of journalists these days, like this one...

Friday, August 15, 2014

An Independence Day Speech

I cannot remember the last time I sat through and heard a Prime Ministers speech on Independence Day - much less remember. The last one I remember was PV Narasimha Rao saying, "Without you, without you, inspite of you, Kashmir is ours."

Yet, today, I was up in the morning, connected my television (which is rarely used), checked if it was all working to hear Narendra Modi speak. Post forming the government, he has not spoken - which was quite unlike the chatty persona he was during election time.

And, he did not disappoint. He spoke extempore (no teleprompter, no text, no nothing) to an audience of millions. He spoke of basic things - after all what are castles, but in the air, when there is no foundation. And unless we get the foundation right, there are no castles.

He spoke about rape, female foeticide, toilets, cleanliness and even admonished parents of boys (ask your boys what they are upto as much you ask your girls). Which other leader has told the population to get their country in order. It takes a rare courage to address basic issues like these at an occasion like this.

The speech was inspiring, exhorting the people to go out and do the right thing. He recalled many a freedom fighter long since forgotten by previous regimes which had viewed even our freedom fighters and gurus through a 'secular' lens. He thanked all previous governments and called out Lal Bahadur Shastri (again a name forgotten by his own party) and his Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan.

But, more than that...he laid out a few simple and effective ideas. A Sansad gram yojana  - a Parliament Village scheme - which he said will be outlined soon. The idea is simple. Every legislator creates an 'ideal' village by 2016 and two others by 2019 and from then on - one per year. This idea is disarmingly simple. The government provides metrics and each village gets rated on these parameters. He went on to say, if every legislator of the state houses also did it - it would amount to something substantial. And in my view, keeps poverty mongering NGOs out of the fray as well.

He asked legislators to ensure that every school in their constituency has a toilet- and a separate one for girls and boys. Implemented well, this can be like the mid-day meal scheme in schools - and will ensure that girls continue to be in school.

And he dismantled the Planning Commission - a grand relic from the days of our fascination for Soviet style communism - where a planning commission would plan for the country. The unveiling of this will happen soon, he said, but yes, this is clearly taking down the Nehruvian Socialism edifice brick by brick.

(And a simple question - arent we the ones dirtying our country? If every citizen keeps his locality clean, does not trash it, how will our country be dirty?)

Simple problems - which have remained unsolved for decades - simple ideas and inspiring. Metric driven, target driven. Have we had an inspiring leader like this in our lifetimes?